A question that puzzles many dog owners is, "Why do dogs bark at night?" It can be a problem.
Dogs are noisy by nature. They bark and howl to communicated a message to other dogs, to their owners and strangers. Sometimes, they bark for companionship, to attract attention and to warn the public, as all puppies do. Clicker training is a natural way for dogs to communicate and at certain stages of their lives, they may need to bark to warn their owners of fire hazards, to hide for fear of attack, or to communicate fear of the unknown. Many dogs have been adopted or dropped off at shelters because of their barking habits that they were not able to control. Although you may feel that your dog is letting you know about the impossib
le, there are reasons for such behavior and it is not impossible to stop your dog from barking at night. A note about night time barking. Thunderstorms and other loud noises can frighten dogs. Their way of communicating is by uncontrolled barking.
When you know that your dog is frightened by the storm, by the yelling of the children, or by the noise of garbage trucks, you should comfort your dog by talking to him in a soft voice. You can prevent your dog from barking by distracting him, so that he stops barking.
When you decide to quiet your dog, use a command such as "chemical alarm" to get his attention. If you say "dog, puppy, shut up" your dog will get the message that you don't want him to bark. When he stops barking, it's time for him to return to his kennel or bed. Some dogs feel that they need to alert their owners to anything going on in the household such as a door bell or a car driving by. This is good barking. It lets you know that your dog is trying to keep you up on what is going on. It's a healthy form of barking and lets your neighbor know that your dog is in fact there to protect you. There are stages you need to go through as you are learning how to stop your dog from barking at night. Pick one and stick with it. This way you will teach your dog that there is a time and a place for barking and that he needs to fill that time with other forms of communication. First, you are going to need to identify when your dogs barking is extreme and when you can't take it anymore. Your dogs behavior problem isn't usually because of the barking but instead it could be because of the frustration. He is trying to express that he may have a physical or emotional problem.
E.g. your dog may be feeling hungry or may have to go pooh. If you acknowledge that maybe the problem is a simple one (especially for a puppy) and you can deal with it easily with a few changes, then that is what you should do. You can also view the barking from your dogs point of view.
He is calling out his needs and the reason why you can hear him barking is because he's lonely or anxious. So, if you hear him barking and you're already aware that he may be feeling some anxiety or nervousness, then that's what the barking is for. This can be linked to things like separation anxiety or territorial barking. Another problem is a lack of exercise and your dog is either not getting enough or just isn't interested in going out for a run. This can lead to boredom and the barking may be a way to sort of release that frustration.
Dogs also like to inspect the world through their barking, so post holes and other things to sniff at may be the motivation behind it. Sometimes there is a real fear for your dog, for example, of something like a thunderstorm, so he's barking to get ready. To help stop the fear causing the barking, you can familiarize your dog with things like having his collar on, going to the door or the car and you can also train him to deal with these things. This requires consistent effort however and it would take you and your dog a while to achieve that to know it's all working. With some consistent effort and patience, you should be able to cure your dog of his barking habits and with that you will have a peaceful dog that doesn't bark excessively.